To minimize the risk of breast cancer, the modifiable risk factors that cause the disease need to be eliminated. Abstaining from hormone foods and especially fatty foods, giving birth before the age of 25 and taking care of breastfeeding, not drinking alcohol and smoking are important factors that reduce the risk of breast cancer. Recently, the effects of soy isoflavans similar to estrogen have been shown in experimental studies that may be associated with breast cancer. In addition, insufficient vitamins A, C, E and beta carotene, lycopenein and antioxidantscan increase the risk of breast cancer. Especially women over 50 should be wary of these vitamins and nutrients. In addition, genetic predisposition is a very important factor in this type of cancer. Especially women whose mother and sister have breast cancer should know that they are in the risk group, be under regular doctor's control and not neglect these controls, and should also know the symptoms of breast cancer.
Today, breast cancer cases are increasing, but significant improvements in treatment are also increasing life rates. Breast cancer cases diagnosed in the early period can be fully cured today and the patient is free of cancer. Patients diagnosed with cancer; they should be informed in terms of measures to keep their morale high and minimize the difficulties that may occur during the treatment process. Ensuring that patients continue their daily lives is very important for the positive outcome of the treatment process.
In patients diagnosed with breast cancer, some screening tests are performed to investigate whether the disease metastases to other organs. If this is not the case and the cancer is limited in the breast, surgical treatment is planned. If the diameter of the tumor is large, neoadjuvant treatment is performed before surgery. In every breast cancer, there is no need to remove the entire breast. Breast protective surgeries come to the fore according to the area, location and type of tumor. In this treatment, only the tumor area is removed, not the entire breast. With the multidisciplinary approach, postoperative chemoradiotherapy greatly reduces the relapse rate. Even if a total mastectomy is performed, it is possible to make a new breast for the patient with reconstructive surgery.
A strong immune system is an effective factor in breast cancer prevention as well as in all diseases. Taking foods containing fiber and probiotic yeast on a regular basis every day, as well as foods such as milk and yogurt, are important factors that reduce the risk of cancer by both maintaining health and strengthening the immune system. Studies in some centers in recent years show that vitamin B reduces the risk of breast cancer to a certain extent. Another study found that patients with vitamin B deficiency and diagnosed with breast cancer had a higher risk of metastasis than those with normal vitamin B levels. Fish, egg yolks, milk and dairy products, butter are foods rich in vitamin B. In addition to regular life and healthy eating, it has been observed that 1-2 hours of exercise per day reduces breast cancer. In the course of treatment, nutrients that help the treatment of breast cancercan contribute to the healing process with a nutrition program.
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