Blood pressure drops during pregnancy can normally be observed, but high blood pressure is a dangerous condition. Blood pressure is above 140/90 after rest. High blood pressure (hypertension) can occur before pregnancy or after pregnancy.
In pregnancy, hypertension is especially important in the so-called "preeclampsia", which is associated with protein excretion and/or edema in the urine. Preeclampsia can also be called "pregnancy-related blood pressure" or "pregnancy poisoning" among the public.
If blood pressure rises above 160/110, there is abundant protein leakage in the urine or severe edema occurs in the face and hands, preeclampsia is exacerbated. The presence of severe preeclampsia can cause liver failure, disorders of the clotting system, bleeding in the uterus, pulmonary edema and seizures such as "epileptic" seizures. The most common problem encountered in the baby of preeclampsia is development retardation. In addition, risks such as the baby pooping in the womb, decreased amnion water, sudden cardiac arrest can also be seen.
How's the follow-up and treatment?
If hypertension is detected during pregnancy, protein leakage and edema should be checked in the urine. If there is only high blood pressure, blood pressure is tried to be regulated with recommendations and medications to be given.
If preeclampsia is involved, a complete systemic examination, urine examination, blood count, liver function tests, kidney function tests should be performed. In the presence of mild to moderate preeclampsia, the mother-to-be and the baby can be reached with close follow-up to the birth weeks.
When severe preeclampsia is detected, the primary goal is to prevent seizures such as "epileptic" seizures. For this purpose, the expectant mother should be monitored in hospital conditions.
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