What is menstruation?
By its most general definition, menstruation is the way a woman's body prepares for pregnancy every month. Menstruation in the body occurs when blood flows through the vagina and eventually leaves the body. For most women, the menstrual cycle lasts between three and five days Dec. A menstrual cycle shows that all major parts of the body are functioning properly. With menstrual bleeding, the body prepares for pregnancy and also causes various hormonal changes in the body to keep a woman healthy.
Stages of the menstrual cycle
Among women, the menstrual cycle is decidedly 28 days. His first day begins when blood begins to flow from the vagina. The menstrual cycle can be divided into four stages;
* Menstrual Phase (1-5. Dec.)
* Follicular Stage (1-13. Dec.)
* Ovulation Stage (14. Day)
* Luteal Stage (15 to 28. Dec.)
On the first day of the menstrual cycle, the body has a small amount of the hormones progesterone and estrogen. Between the three and seventh days, the secreted estrogen begins to increase, which allows the bleeding to decelerate and stop. Estrogen levels, 14. it continues to rise until the day. This stage is known as the ovulation stage. After this universe, the second phase of the menstrual cycle begins.
Features of a healthy menstrual cycle
* Decal cycle should be between 24 and 35 days,
* Decays should last between 4-8 days,
• No more than 80 ml of blood should be lost during a menstrual period. If you change your pad in less than 2 hours, you should consult with your gynecologist for this. In addition to these features, if there is an obvious change in your menstrual cycle, you should also tell your doctor about this condition. It is also important to inform your doctor about decongestant bleeding, if any. These conditions can potentially indicate thyroid problems or various other health problems.
Why do women have menstrual disorders?
In some women, the days of menstrual bleeding vary significantly. This, in turn, is known as menstrual irregularity. Causes of menstrual irregularity may vary:
* Various vital changes such as pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding and menopause,
* Extreme and rapid weight loss,
* Birth control pills,
* Eating disorders,
* Some diseases such as ovarian cysts, thyroid problems, diabetes, sexually transmitted diseases, uterine and cervical cancer.
In what cases should a doctor be consulted?
If you experience the following conditions regarding your menstrual cycle, you should definitely tell your doctor;
* If you have not started menstruating until the age of 16,
• If you have not started menstruating within 3 years of your breasts starting to grow,
* If your breasts did not begin to grow after the age of 13,
* If you have heavy and painful bleeding,
• If your temperature rises during your menstrual cycle,
* If you suddenly experienced menstrual disorder,
* If you have nausea, vomiting, severe pain,
* If you have bleeding that lasts longer than a week,
• If you have your period less than 21 days or longer than 35 days,
• If you can't get your period for three months and you're not in menopause,
* If you are experiencing long-term staining,
• If you have sudden bleeding, it would be good to see a doctor.
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