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Turkey's UNESCO World Heritage Site

“Ephesus” World Heritage Site; Çukuroçi Höyük, Ayasuluk Hill (Selçuk Castle, St. It covers four areas: Basilica of John, Isa Bey Bath, Isa Bey Mosque, Artemision), Ephesus ancient city and the House of the Virgin Mary. Ephesus, one of the most important centers of the ancient period, starting from the prehistoric period, Hellenistic, Roman, Eastern Roman, principalities and Ottoman periods. 9000 years it has seen uninterrupted settlement and has been a very important port city and cultural and commercial center at all stages of its history. Ephesus, which contains icons that shed light on the urbanization, architecture and religious history of the Hellenistic and Roman periods, has the most outstanding examples of architectural and urban planning of different periods. M. He. 8. cult center, thought to belong to the century and famous as one of the Seven Wonders of antiquity Artemision Hz. Where the Ecumenical Consul of 431 took place, where Mary was accepted and proclaimed as the mother of Jesus Church Of Mary, A saint who was one of the apostles of Jesus and wrote The Gospel of John in Ephesus Built on John's Tomb Basilica Ephesus has a multifaceted cultural heritage with its unique works that bear witness to the early Christian period, the House of the Virgin Mary, which is today considered a place of pilgrimage by Christians, and Islamic structures built during the principalities. 


The region of Cappadocia, bordered by Kızılırmak in the North, Yeşilhisar in the East, Hasan and Melendiz Mountains in the south, Aksaray in the West and Kırşehir in the Northwest, has been a continuous settlement area since the Chalcolithic Period. The most important feature of the area, Erciyes and Hasan mountain Tuff, wind and water erosion occur as a result of rock types and the extraordinary, warm in winter, cool in summer suitable for all seasons of the internal climatic conditions and therefore are places carved into the rock. Goreme, in particular 7-13. centuries it became an important center of Christianity with the settlement of Christians fleeing decimation. The areas included in the UNESCO World Heritage list include Goreme National Park, Derinkuyu and Kaymakli underground cities, Karain pigeons, Karlik Church, Yeşilöz Theodoro Church and Soğanlı archaeological site.


The Salt Lake Special Environmental Protection Area has been listed as a Unesco temporary World Heritage site since 2013.  Tuz lake, surrounded by Ankara, Konya and Aksaray provinces, is the second largest lake in Turkey after Lake Van... The Salt Lake, fed by groundwater, is located in the Konya Basin, a closed basin. Average depth 50 cm.The Salt Lake, which is below, provides 70% of Turkey's salt needs. Salt Lake Basin, about 6.000 it has a nesting area of up to. In addition, 279 species of plants and bacteria were found to live in the region. 


The Church of St. Nicholas, which has been on the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List since 2000, is named after Saint Nicholas, who is recognized as Santa Claus in the world and is the bishop of Myra (Demre). Saint Nicholas was born in Patara, one of the important cities of the Lycia region, and lived in Myra (Demre). It is part of the ancient city of Myra, a Lycian settlement. Nicholas Church is the most distinguished example of the church architecture of the middle Byzantine period with its architectural style and decorations. Myra, ancient times, with trade routes from the East and West. It is located at the crossroads of different cultures, bearing different parts of the cult of Nicholas. Its relations with the imperial capital Constantinople and other cities made Myra a cosmopolitan center both in terms of urban life and the development of Christianity. St.The large scale and wealth of the Church of Nicholas also supports Myra's role as the center that affects the entire urban structure. 

Bonus: 5 most private beaches in Turkey

Source:  T.C Ministry of Culture and Tourism 


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