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Home Beauty Skin Care How to choose sunscreen How to use it?

How to choose sunscreen How to use it?

The sun, which is at the top of the external factors that damage the skin, causes more damage because the ozone layer thins and UVA permeability increases. The sun has two wavelengths, UVA and UVB.  The SPF (Sun protection Factor) value, which means The Sun Protection Factor above the sunscreens, indicates protection against UVB. Sunscreen should be preferred, indicating that it is also protected against UVA while choosing sunscreen. UVA, which is a long wavelength, is effective in the deep layers of the skin. So it's the wavelength that really ages. So he's responsible for photoaging. It is responsible for premature aging and the formation of wrinkles. It has a kansoregene effect. UVB is a short wavelength. As it is effective on the surface layers of the skin, it is responsible for the formation of burns and spots. Although it decreases during the winter season, the UVA beam continues. So we have to apply sunscreens in summer and winter. Since the UVA beam can pass through glass and cloud, we recommend using sunscreen even inside the House.


Sun sensitive skin: do not be exposed to the sun directly. Sensitivity to the sun can be a problem that is innate or occurs at a certain time in life. Some medical treatments can also temporarily trigger sun sensitivity. For reactions caused by radiation emitted by the sun's Rays, sunscreens that provide very high protection against UVA and UVB rays should be preferred.  

Skin reacting to chemical filters: People with this skin type should definitely use sunscreens with mineral filters. Because these sunscreens have a mineral filter, they can leave white marks on the skin, but they are temporary. 

Skin with sun allergy: Recently, sun allergy has been on the rise. Although it varies depending on skin structure and exposure time, it is a condition that can be seen in everyone. Although sun allergy is not a very serious problem, it reduces the quality of life. Symptoms of sun allergy include redness, blisters, and a feeling of intense itching.decidedly. The best method to take against sun allergies is to use sunscreen that provides extensive sprektrum protection, because UVB rays protect the skin from sunburn, while UVA rays protect the skin from allergic reactions. The 1: 1 (SPF/UVA) ratio is important to provide strong protection; this statement states that a sunscreen protects against UVB and UVA rays in equal proportions. (As SPF 50+ / UVA 50) 


When choosing sunscreen, you should choose creams that are suitable for your skin and apply these creams at least 20 minutes before going out. Driving after going to the beach greatly reduces its effectiveness. As a quantity, it should be spread enough to the exposed area, that is, it should be used in a sufficient amount. The cream should be repeated every two or three hours after use.


Another mistake we make when using sunscreen is to drive a little so that it doesn't end immediately. However, if it is not applied in sufficient quantities, sunscreens cannot show the SPF values written on them. For example, at least half a teaspoon of sunscreen should be applied to the face area. Less application will lead to an SPF 50 cream having an effect of SPF 2.7. For this reason, it says 'apply plenty' in all sunscreens. Failure to repeat the application with sufficient December results in the same result.

If you want sunscreens to show Full Effect, you should apply more than half a sweet spoon on the face and neck, and more than a full sweet spoon on the chest area, arms, back area, legs.


In summer, between 09.00-11.00 or after 16.00, people with fair skin; the first two days are 10 minutes, the later days are 20 minutes, dark skinned; the first two days are 20 minutes, the later days are 30 minutes decked out without using sunscreen at all. Basal cell or epidermoid cell cancer is common in those who remain under the sun for many years due to their profession, and these cancers are common in the head, neck and limbs of the body that see a lot of the sun, and are rare in other areas. Severe sunburn more than 5 times, especially in children, increases the risk of malignant melanoma. Severe skin burns due to sunbathing also increase the risk of malignant melanoma in adults. But normal sunbathing has not had an effect on the risk of melanoma. There is no risk of cancer in accordance with the above times, or even because vitamin D is synthesized, it is a kind of measure against cancer. But staying in the sun too long is risky.

Bonus: Top 10 sunscreen


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