Afife Jale, born in Kadıköy, Istanbul in 1902, was one of 5 women who were students of darülbedayi (Conservatory) at a time when Muslim Turkish women were not allowed to perform. 1920 in Huseyin Suat's play "patches", which will premiere on the night of April 13, the role of Emel, Eliza Binemeciyan left the theater due to the actor's departure. The administrators decided to move the role to Afife. Afife Jale became the first Turkish woman to appear on stage on the night of April 22, playing the role of Emel at the Apollon Cinema (Now Reks) in Kadıköy. The actor, whose life was spent with struggles and illness, has died at the age of 39.
Marie Curie, full name (Maria Salomea Sklodowska Curie) was born on 7 November 1867 in Poland. Because women in his country could not get a science education, he went to Paris with his sister, saving money. Educated at the Sorbonne, he was awarded his doctorate in 1904 and received a doctorate in Advanced Science in France. first woman It has happened. Together with his wife Becquerel, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work in the field of radioactivity. First woman to receive a Nobel Prize It has happened. Curie, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911 for his role in the discovery and research of radium and polonium, he became the first person in history to have two Nobel Prizes. Curie died of blood cancer in France in 1934. Curie, who became ill due to excessive radiation exposure in her experiments, is referred to as the 'woman who died for science'.
Born February 4, 1913 in Alabama, USA, Rosa Parks is a very important Afroamerican activist who initiated transformation in American society. In 1943, he became an active member of the human rights movement. In those years, black people could only sit on buses in places reserved for them, and if they wanted to, they had to give places to white people. One evening back from work, Roza Parks was arrested and jailed for refusing to give a place to a white man who asked her to get off the bus. But during the trial, under the leadership of Martin Luther King, Blacks protested against bus companies and walked to their jobs, and thus the law was changed at the request of bus companies. In 1994, he received the Peace Prize in Stockholm, Sweden.He was awarded the Presidential Medal of freedom in 1966. 20 by Time Magazine in 1999. He was named Human Rights Defender of the century. He died in 2005.
'A woman is not born a woman is born' known for his word and 'my most important work is my lifethe philosopher-writer is one of the iconic figures in the history of feminism. The second gender, considered her most important work and one of the bedside sources of feminism, was published in 1949. There was no notable feminist movement at the time of its writing. Simone de Beauvoir influenced subsequent generations and inspired women. Considered the beacon of second-wave feminism at an early date, this book still remains current. He died in Paris in 1986.
Iconic fashion designer Coco Chanel, officially Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel was born in 1883 in Saumur, France. Growing up in poverty, Chanel learned sewing during her years at child welfare. The fashion designer, who revolutionized fashion history with his team models, included pnatolon in the women's world and caused a shock effect in the face of the fluffy and heavy dresses worn by women at the time. The fashion designer, who advocated for women to wear stylish clothes where they could move comfortably, deeply influenced fashion history and social life.
'Woman who dedicated her life to gorillas' he was born in 1932 in California, USA. Fossey, who devoted himself to animals while fleeing the violence he saw from his stepfather, received a bachelor's degree from San Jose State University in the United States and a PhD in 1974 from the University of Cambridge. Dian Fossey has done very important research on mountain gorillas, worked in this area for 18 years and observed them in the mountain forests of Rwanda for many years. Dian Fossey was killed on December 6, 1985, at the age of 53, in Rwanda Volcanoes National Park in Africa. Rwandan people called Dian Fossey by the name “Nyiramachabelli”, which means “woman who lives alone on the mountain”.
Born in 1830 in the U.S. state of Massachusetts, the poet lived his life almost never leaving the house where he lived with his family. The poet, who did not want to be involved in society, wrote thousands of poems in his life in seclusion, but he could only see 7 of his poems published. The editors of the male magazine to which he sent his poems insisted that he give up free Nazism and write in the traditional pattern. The poet, who denied it, kept to himself. After his death, all of his poems found in his room were printed. Emily Dickonson is still among the most deceptively read American poets...
The writer, who died in 2018, broke ground in the male-dominated sci-fi world. Born in Berkeley on October 21, 1929, Le Guin was one of the most powerful pencils in literary history. He began writing fantasy stories and novels in the 1950s. His first science fiction story was published in 1962, and his first novel was published in 1966.Winner of both the Nebula Award (1969) and the Hugo Award (1970) for Best Novel with “the Left Hand of darkness” first woman in addition, Hugo has repeatedly won Outstanding Literary Awards such as Nebula and Locus for his various works, proving the presence of strong female writers in the field of male-dominated science fiction writing. Awarded the Nebula Awards by the science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America in 2003 “Grand Master” he was awarded the title 20. became an author.
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