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5 world-famous architectural works

Dolmabahce Palace, the first modern palace of the Ottoman Empire, was built by the balyan brothers at the request of Sultan Abdulmecid. The construction, which began in 1843, was completed in 1853, but was only opened three years later due to the Crimean War, which continued at the time. Many technologies were used for the first time in the structure, which is suitable for Ottoman architectural culture but built in a European style. Every room, even every corner of the palace, is eye-catching, with no expense spared in its decorations. Muayede Hall, which has an area exceeding 2,000 square meters, a dome with a height of 36 meters and each detail adorned with a different workmanship, still remains glamorous during its time. The golden throne and 4.5-ton crystal chandelier from Topkapi Palace fascinate everyone who visits the hall.


After King Ludwig II ascended to the throne, he wanted to build a lavish castle, worthy of the knights of his dreams and admired, as a compensation for his childhood, which he spent alone and was able to color only with his enhanced imagination. Thus, he started the construction of Neuschwanstein Castle in Swangau, the village where he grew up. Neuschwanstein Castle, built in Germany at a time when castles were no longer of strategic importance, drew a public backlash. After the construction was finished, Ludwig II, who settled in the castle while four rooms were still decorated, was blamed by his own ministers for his extravagance and obsessive mood after just 172 days. A psychiatric committee formed in 1886 declared Ludwig mentally ill, and the king was sent to Castle Berg, which would be called the place of death a month later, to be kept under observation.


Born in charmes, a small village in France, in 1836, Ferdinand Cheval dropped out of school at the age of 13 and became a postman. Having dreamt of one night building a palace, Cheval put it in his pocket to hide when he admired the shape of the stone that hit his foot while delivering mail. When he was experimenting with sculptures in his own way by combining the stones he collected, he came up with the dream he had 15 years ago and decided to build his dream palace in the garden of his house. Cheval began building his palace in April 1879 and continued to collect stones and build the Palais Idéal during the daily postal tour, which was about 29 kilometers long, for the next 33 years. Completed in 1912, the Palais Idéal is a reflection of the world in which its architect Ferdinand Cheval reads from books and sees his paintings in postcards and magazines. Cheval laid out the main idea of his work clearly with the inscription "Brotherhood between people" in his introduction. Listed as a historical monument in 1969, the palace still welcomes many visitors today and hosts art events.


Golden Gate, which holds the title of the most photographed bridge in the world, is also separated by its color. The bridge was designed by Leon Moisseiff, the architect of the Manhattan Bridge in New York, and Charles Alton Ellis, an engineer and mathematician professor of technical and theoretical work. Irving Morrow, an American residential architect, designed Art Deco elements such as the overall shape of the bridge tower, lighting scheme, tower decorations, street lamps, railings and walkways. But more importantly, he signed under the most striking feature of the bridge, its color. Golden Gate was decided to be gray when it was still in the design phase. During its construction, however, the U.S. Navy came up with an ingenious idea for ships to see the bridge comfortably in foggy weather: yellow thick lines on black. Irving Morrow, who did not want to turn the bridge into a freak, suggested that the bridge be painted warm orange, inspired by a red lining paint that prevents rusting. This accepted color was one of the most important reasons why golden gate was an iconic structure. You should go to San Francisco to see this redness at sunset.


St. Vasil's Cathedral, one of Moscow's world-famous buildings, is located at the southern end of Red Square, one of the places that has witnessed important scenes in history. Often mistaken for the Kremlin Palace and not as big as it appears in the photos, it was also accepted into the UNESCO World Heritage List thanks to its enchanting colors and architecture. When Ivan the Terrible won a great victory over the Tatars in 1552, he wanted to build a work to etched it into the memory. St. Vasil's Cathedral, which was built in 1555 after decision and design works, was completed in 1561. That's where the legend begins. Although there is no definitive record, according to a legend that has been circulating for centuries, Ivan the Terrible, who is notorious for his ruthlessness, had the eyes of barma, the Italian architect of the cathedral, dagged on the day of the construction. Why do you think that is? So that he could not build this eye-catching structure, which is unique in his period, elsewhere... Moscow is the direction to see this blinding structure in place!

Read also: Discoveries in Istanbul: Basilica Cistern


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