While the pregnancy process contains a beautiful feeling for women, it also brings with it various problems, especially due to changes in the skin. So much so that the anxiety caused by these problems can sometimes even overshadow the pleasure of pregnancy. Acıbadem Kayseri Hospital skin and venereal diseases specialist Dr. Who illuminates the expectant mothers by giving detailed information about the skin problems that may occur during pregnancy Efshan Gurbuz Yontar said, " pregnancy is a very important process and it is enough for women to take care of a few points to spend this period in the most comfortable way. Especially in this process, they should prefer moisturizers, sunscreens and mineral makeup products that do not contain parabens, perfumes or preservatives,” he says. Here's The Doctor. Efşan Gürbüz yontar's recommendations against common skin problems during pregnancy...
During pregnancy, color changes can usually be seen on the forehead, cheeks, nose, upper lip and chin. A doctor who noted that these spots observed in many pregnant women disappear after birth Efşan Gürbüz Yontar, " for the Prevention of spots during pregnancy and during lohusalık a sunscreen cream with a factor of at least 30 should be used. Even in cloudy weather, it should not be forgotten that the sun'S UV rays affect the skin,” he recalled.
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Make-up during pregnancy is not objectionable, but it is necessary to note that the materials used do not have chemical content and artificial coloring. There is no harm in using mineral makeup products obtained by using colored minerals found in natural state in nature during pregnancy.
20. after the week, a line-shaped spotting called linea nigra (black line) occurs on the midline of the abdomen. The formation of this line, which begins just below the navel and extends to the groin area, is extremely normal and disappears spontaneously after birth.
A doctor who expressed that red spots can be seen on the face, neck and sometimes in the abdomen Efshan Gürbüz Yontar, " these spots are in the form of a vein in the center and capillaries that radiate from this vein around. It occurs because of the hormone estrogen, which increases during pregnancy. After birth, it disappears soon. So it doesn't require treatment,” he says.
Darkening is observed in the nipples, armpits and genital areas of the vast majority of expectant mothers. A doctor who noted that this condition, which is believed to be due to an increased level of estrogen, is more pronounced, especially in expectant mothers with dark skin Efshan Gurbuz Yontar, " there is no need for any treatment in these darkens, which are completely physiological. They disappear over time in the post-pregnancy period,” he informs.
A significant proportion of expectant mothers can see cracks in the abdomen, hips and breasts. These cracks, which occur due to overstretching of the skin and therefore tearing of collagen fibers, can often be accompanied by an uncomfortable itch, said Dr. Efshan Gurbuz Yontar, continues: "The Color of these cracks, which are red in pregnancy, gradually opens up after birth. Although some expectant mothers gain quite a lot of weight or do not take protective measures, cracks do not occur. In some expectant mothers, cracks can be seen despite all protective measures. For this reason, pregnancy cracks are thought to be hereditary.” Even if it is not possible to completely destroy the cracks, it is possible to reduce their appearance a little by some measures. A doctor who explains that crack creams that should be used on the advice of Dermatologists help stretch the skin by moisturizing Efshan Gurbuz Yontar, " in addition, adequate fluid intake during the day is also a very important consideration. When the amount of water entering the body is insufficient, the elasticity of the skin decreases and cracks can form more easily. Despite all precautions, if cracks cannot be prevented, microignification techniques or laser applications can be made in the postpartum period.”
Redness of the Palms is also among the physiological changes that occur during pregnancy Dec. A doctor who noted that rarely there is redness and itching on the soles of the feet Efshan Gurbuz Yontar gives information about the cause of this condition as follows:“this clinical picture, which we call Palmoplantar erythema, is also thought to occur due to an increase in estrogen levels. Moisturizing creams can be useful in cases where itching is severe.”
Hair loss during pregnancy decreases. The reason for this is hormonal changes. In contrast, in the postpartum period after childbirth that was quickly experiencing hair loss Dr. Efşan Gürbüz Yontar, " this condition called Telogen effluvium does not require treatment. 6, which usually follows birth. after the month, it will heal itself,” he says.
Especially from the first weeks of pregnancy, acne and black spots on the face can increase. In this case, which occurs due to an increase in the work of the sebaceous glands in the skin, it is necessary to pay attention to skin cleansing and use appropriate moisturizing products. Despite all these measures, it is recommended to use topical medications under the supervision of a dermatologist in case of a serious increase in acne formation.
Itching, especially on the skin of the abdomen and cracking areas of the skin, can be unbearable in some pregnant women. Emphasizing the need to investigate a possible pathology of the liver and biliary tract in the event of widespread itching, a doctor Efshan Gürbüz Yontar, against itching suggestions " narrow or wool and synthetic fabrics made of clothing increases the itching. For this reason, it is important to choose comfortable, wide and cotton clothes. Also, being in a cool environment and taking a warm shower relaxes the skin. After the shower, it is useful to apply moisturizing creams suitable for skin type and pregnancy to the entire body.”
An increase in the number of moles or decaying of existing moles is among the skin changes experienced during pregnancy. But if there are abnormal signs such as excessive darkening in color, irregular borders, increase in size, bleeding, it is necessary to contact a dermatologist. “Similarly, there is an increase in the number and size of lesions called flesh moles, which are often observed in the neck, armpits and groin,” says efshan Gurbuz Yontar.
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