In breastfeeding women, the density of breast tissue increases. The main reason for this is the milk secretion produced in the breast tissue and filling the milk channels and the increase in the density of cloth tissue that provides milk production in the breast. This slightly reduces mammography sensitivity. However, when mammography is required, it does not completely eliminate the ability of mammography to help with diagnosis. Breastfeeding before shooting reduces the amount of milk in the breast tissue, reducing density and ensuring better appearance.
Prostheses applied in breast tissue do not constitute an obstacle for mammography, ultrasonography or MRI (Magnetic Resonance) examination of the breast. The pressure applied to the breast tissue during mammography does not harm the prosthesis. Detailed images are obtained with dose selection programs for prosthetic breast in mammography devices. In the screening protocol, ultrasonography is recommended along with mammography.
Mammography is a method used in X-rays. The probability that the radiation received triggers a cancer is theoretically very low. Today, with new technology digital mammography devices, the amount of radiation received during the examination has decreased very much. The amount of radiation received during mammography is almost identical to the radiation we are exposed to due to the sun's rays during an air travel. Are we giving up air travel?
There is no need for any pre-preparation for mammography examination. Cosmetic products such as powdered deodorant should not be used during shooting. It will be useful for women who have a lot of sensitivity in breast tissue before menstruation to have postmenstrual shots, no pain and comfortable shots.
Breast ultrasonography is performed as a complementary examination in patients with dense breast tissue, which has been performed for screening or diagnostic purposes, as a guide method in evaluating armpit regions (axial regions) and biopsy procedures as the primary procedure in patients under 40 years of age.
Breast ultrasonography is an examination that can be performed at any time without the need for pre-preparation. It can also be done comfortably during pregnancy as it is a radiation-free examination.
Mammography examinations should be performed routinely for screening purposes from the age of 40. Ultrasonography should be performed as a complement to mammography in densely contained breast tissues, cases with reduced mammographic sensitivity and cases where findings are detected in mammography. Ultrasonography can be performed easily in women over 50 years of age, as it can be at any age.
Mammography examination should be performed regularly once a year from the age of 40. Examinations may also be recommended at an earlier age for women in the risk group. You should consult your doctor about this.
People with breast cancer in their family should also have mammography and ultrasonography examinations once a year from the age of 40. In women whose first-degree relatives are diagnosed with breast cancer under the age of 40, breast screening should be performed from a young age of 10 years younger than the age of cancer detection in close relatives. So if a close relative has been diagnosed with breast cancer at the age of 35, you should go to regular doctor's check-ups at the age of 25.
In women in the high-risk group, it is recommended to include routine annual mammography and ultrasonography as well as annual breast MRI examination at annual intervals. For this, it is important to calculate the patient risk correctly.
There are no age restrictions for breast ultrasonography examination, it can be easily done in all age groups and pregnant patients.
Be sure to read: What you need to know about breast cancer
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